The Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) program is for adults with a severe mental health disability. The program's primary goal is to help consumers identify and learn to use wellness tools (coping strategies and resources) when they experience
triggers or early warning signs that their mental health is worsening or when things are breaking down.
Adult with severe mental illness
An adult with severe mental illness is a person who
- is at least 18 years old;
- has a mental illness such as schizophrenia, major depression, manic depressive disorder (bipolar), or other severely disabling mental disorder that meets the diagnostic criteria specified in the DSM-IV. With the DSM-IV "V" codes, substance abuse disorders and developmental disorders are excluded unless they co-occur with another diagnosable severe mental illness;
- has functional impairments resulting from the mental illness that substantially interfere with or limit two or more major life activities; and
- requires crisis resolution and long-term support and treatment to manage the mental illness.
Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP)
The WRAP program is for adults who have severe mental illness and who want to learn strategies to monitor, reduce, or eliminate uncomfortable or dangerous physical symptoms, emotions, and feelings. A participant writes a comprehensive action plan to help manage his or her own illness. The plan includes the following topics, among others:
- Early Warning Signs
Early warning signs are subtle signs recognized by a consumer, or observed by others, indicating that the consumer is becoming less well. When developing the plan, the consumer lists early warning signs and actions he or she can take to avoid progressing to serious symptoms.
- When Things Are Breaking Down
When things are breaking down, the consumer experiences feelings and behaviors that indicate he or she needs to take immediate action to prevent his or her mental health from worsening. When the consumer writes the action plan, he or she prepares for times when things are breaking down by listing actions that will reduce symptoms.
- Crisis Plan
Part of the consumer's action plan is a crisis plan. The crisis plan is written when the consumer is well. Its purpose is to instruct others about how to care for the consumer when he or she is not well. Several sections in this plan describe the consumer's preferences and the best way to help the consumer when the consumer is unable to help him- or herself.
The WRAP services can be delivered either individually or in a group setting. In a group setting, the ratio between WRAP facilitators and consumers cannot be greater than one WRAP facilitator to eight consumers.
WRAP facilitators who work with DARS DRS consumers must follow the Copeland Center's WRAP values and ethics, process, and concepts. Facilitators must use the evidence-based model recognized by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Facilitators follow the WRAP Facilitator's Training Manual and use the PowerPoint presentation slides and CD found in the training manual during presentations. The three day WRAP curriculum may be approved in consultation with the Counselor.
A consumer who can benefit most from a WRAP will learn how to use wellness tools to manage his or her disability. This is a consumer who
- is in recovery,
- has a severe mental illness,
- has a goal of competitive integrated employment, and
- needs help to identify wellness tools.
The consumer learns how to use wellness tools that allow him or her to move forward in recovery by developing natural supports, coping skills, and self-management skills.
The consumer must be experiencing difficulties in, or lack useful life experience in, one or more of the following areas:
- developing and maintaining relationships, including natural supports;
- participating in residence, community, church, school, job, or volunteer activities;
- keeping appointments that the consumer has identified as important to his or her own recovery;
- self-identifying the need for the service;
- reengaging with a peer to prevent a relapse or receive support;
- using self-advocacy skills in order to increase independence; or
- learning from peer modeling in order to take increased responsibility for his or her own recovery.
The WRAP benchmark is achieved when the consumer has
- attended and actively participated in all sessions of the curriculum mandated WRAP program, and
- completed his or her individual WRAP.
The fee for successful achievement of the WRAP benchmark is $500.00. The benchmark fee can be paid only one time per consumer.
A WRAP facilitator must
- be well grounded and actively committed to his or her own recovery;
- not be a family member of the consumer who receives peer support services; have completed a 40-hour WRAP Facilitator Training that was provided by a qualified, current Advance Level WRAP Facilitator recognized by the Copeland Center; and
- have completed the Mental Health Recovery: WRAP Facilitator Certification from the Copeland Center.
The prerequisites for the WRAP facilitator certification can be met by taking the Mental Health Recovery Correspondence Course. See the Copeland Center website.